Last week with this Module

Hello myself Aakash Subba and I am writing this blog for week 12 blog writing and in this blog, I am about to explain all my experiences on this module what I saw, what I learned in overall what I liked and what I don’t liked what I have done in this module from week 1 to week 12. Also, what are the interesting things that happened within this module, what will I do if I got an opportunity to redesign this module and what will be my approach for this.

From week 1 to week 12 I have seen many things and done many things in module 4CI018 which is Academic Skills and Team-Based Learning. LTW methods which stands for Lecture Tutorial Workshop was already new for me and I never heard this before and got opportunity to experience and saw how this method really works. Within this time period I have seen different types of lectures on different types of topics like Cyber Security and Steganography, Game engine, Professional Organization and Academic Skills itself. Different types of writing like Blog writing, Report writing, CV, Cover letter, Graduation Form, E-mail writing etc. can be seen during tutorial classes. During Workshop classes I have done many interesting things like practically learning all the basics concepts that we learn during tutorial classes which include from Blog writing to E-mail writing. I have done many interesting things like Presentation, solving problem like tower of Hanoi, creating WordPress account to LinkedIn etc. Also. College upload different types of assignment on Google Classroom so I have to do different types of assignment like weekly Blog Writing, Report Writing, CV, Cover Letter, Graduation Form, Take Away task etc.

Honestly this is my favorite module and I personally enjoy this module due to many reasons. This module provides clear opportunity for those students who are afraid of crowd and mass people. The main theme of this module is Team-Based learning on different Academic activities by using own skills. So, students easily get themselves involved in different types of activities like presentation which is enjoyable as well as good for those who wants to make their communication skills better. Also, during this short time period there was once arguments on different topics which was funny as well as enjoyable. As I already mentioned that this module was new to me so due to this reason at first, I found myself difficult on understanding and learning the contents of module. Right now, the whole world is suffering from COVID-19 which somehow indirectly affects on education system and due to this reason, we have to shift from physical class to online classes. This module lost its beauty due to online classes which I personally never enjoyed. We miss different types of interesting events and program due to this which was sad and not enjoyable.  Here I design my mind map about this module based on before learning this module and after learning this module.

Fig: Mind map of before and after learning this module

If I were redesigning this module yes, I would change. As this module mainly focused on Team-Based learning on different academic skills. So, I would bring more team-based activities to level up the communication skills. Activities like coin logo, the one question ice breaker activity, picture pieces game, two truth and a lie etc. would be great advantage for those who wants to increase their communication and problem-solving skills. Weekly presentation on various topics will be my top priority and I also like to add Essay writing on different problems of country. I would bring well experienced lecturer for this module and told him to lecture on various topic related to this module. I also like to conduct different events and programs where the involvement of all student is mandatory. Students have much more interest on Events like online game competition, quiz competition, spelling competition etc. which will make them mentally strong and it is beneficial as well as students can improve their mental skills.

Academic skills and team-based learning aims the student just not to develop the personal skills but also to develop the teamwork as well. I am happy to learn this amazing module and I want to do more things than I have done over past 12 weeks. This module changes me completely in the context of facing crowd which I had always problem with. From week 1 to week 12 within this short period of time I got many opportunities to learn many things and I never had problem with this module.

IEEE and Herald Devcorps

Hello myself Aakash Subba and this will be my 11th blog writing for week 11 and this time it will be a bit different writing from previous blog writing. This blog writing is totally based on research rather than weekly reflection. We had got assigned to do research on different forms of membership and professional recognition in the different professional organization. Basically, every student has to choose one professional organization and after choosing again research about the different membership and professional recognition and based on that research students have to write weekly blog writing to complete the weekly task of this week. So, in this blog writing I choose IEEE and I am going to write about its membership and professional recognition and also short paragraph about Herald Devcorps as well.

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association for electronic engineering and electrical engineering, dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity(and associated disciplines) with its corporate office in  New York City and its operations center in  Piscataway, New Jersey It was formed in 1963 from the amalgamation of the American Institute of electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers. Most IEEE members are electrical and electronics engineers, but the organization’s wide scope of interests has attracted people in other disciplines as well (e.g., computer science, software engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, biology, physics, and mathematics).

Membership in IEEE is open to individuals who by education or experience give evidence of competence in an IEEE designated field. The designated fields are: Engineering, Computer Sciences and Information Technology, Physical Sciences, Biological and Medical Sciences, Mathematics, Technical Communications, Education, Management, and Law and Policy.

IEEE offers the following grades of membership: Student, Graduate Student, Associate, member, Senior member, and Fellow. The special categories of Life member, Young Professional, and Society Affiliate are also offered.

Student member grade

A Student member must carry at least 50% of a normal full-time academic program as a registered undergraduate or graduate student in a regular course of study in IEEE-designated fields. The total cumulative period for a member to hold the Student member grade and/or the Graduate Student member grade is limited to eight years.

Student members, upon graduation or upon reaching the eight-year limit (whichever occurs first), with a baccalaureate or higher degree (or its equivalent) from an accredited institution in an IEEE-designated field will be transferred automatically to member grade.

Student members outside of the IEEE-designated fields, upon graduation or upon reaching the eight-year limit (whichever occurs first), will be transferred to Associate member grade.

Graduate Student member grade

A Graduate Student member must carry at least 50% of a normal full-time academic program as a registered graduate student in a regular course of study in IEEE- designated fields. The total cumulative period for a member to hold the Student member grade and/or the Graduate Student member grade is limited to eight years.

Associate member grade

Associate member grade is designed for technical and non-technical individuals who do not meet the qualifications for member grade but who wish to benefit from membership and partnership in IEEE, and for those who are progressing, through continuing education and work experience, toward qualifications for member grade.

Member grade

Member grade is limited to those who have satisfied IEEE-specified educational requirements and/or who have demonstrated professional competence in IEEE-designated fields of interest. For admission or transfer to the grade of member, a candidate may be either:

  • An individual who has received a three- to five-year university-level or higher degree from an accredited institution or program and in an IEEE-designated field
  • An individual who has received a three- to five-year university-level or higher degree from an accredited institution or program and who has at least three years of professional work experience engaged in teaching, creating, developing, practicing, or managing in IEEE-designated field
  • An individual who, through at least six years of professional work experience, has demonstrated competence in teaching, creating, developing, practicing, or managing within IEEE-designated fields
     

Senior member grade

The grade of Senior member is the highest for which application may be made and requires experience reflecting professional maturity. For admission or transfer to the grade of Senior member, a candidate shall be an engineer, scientist, educator, technical executive, or originator in IEEE-designated fields.

The candidate shall have been in professional practice for at least ten years and shall have shown significant performance over a period of at least five of those years, such performance including one or more of the following:

  • Substantial responsibility or achievement in one or more IEEE-designated fields
  • Publication of papers, books, or inventions in one or more IEEE-designated fields
  • Recognized contributions to the welfare of the professions encompassed by one or more of the IEEE-designated fields
  • Development or furtherance of important courses in one or more of the IEEE-designated fields at an institution in the REP list

Fellow Members: The Fellow grade is the highest level of membership, conferred by the IEEE Board of Directors upon persons “with [extraordinary records] of accomplishments in any of the IEEE fields of interest”. It cannot be applied for directly by the member; the candidate must be nominated by others, and of the Institute’s voting membership no more than one in one thousand can be selected as Fellows in any given year

IEEE through its various organizational units recognizes the exceptional achievements of members and outstanding contributions they make to the IEEE, their community and to the profession.  IEEE also recognizes those members who have volunteered their skills and time to plan & organize conferences, author papers, run local organizational units and engage other IEEE members into activities. The various IEEE awards are listed below.

  • IEEE Awards Program
    Medal of Honor, Medals, Technical Field Awards, Corporate Recognitions, Service Awards, Prize Papers, Fellowships, Staff Award and links to other IEEE related awards.
  • Member and Geographic Activities Board (MGA) Young Professionals Achievement AwardMember and Geograph Activities Board(MGA
    Designed to recognize those substantive projects or achievements of a relatively short nature (one to three years) but which have left an undeniable imprint on the fabric of YP operations.
  • Member & Geographic Activities Board Awards Program
    Includes MGA Achievement Award, MGA Innovation Award, MGA Leadership Award, MGA Larry K. Wilson Transnational Award, William W. Middleton Distinguished Service Award, Section Recognition and Student Recognition Awards, and Friend of Member and Geographic Activities Board Award.
  • Standards Activities Board Awards Program
    Covers areas including Corporate, International, Standards Medallion, Working Group Chair Award, Distinguished Service Award, Sponsor Award for Corporate Standards Development, and Charles Proteus Steinmetz Award.
  • Educational Activities Board Awards Program
    Recognizes and honors individuals and companies for major contributions to engineering and technical education.
  • IEEE-USA Board Awards Program
    Designed to recognize excellence, outstanding service and contributions to the furtherance of its objectives. See the web for a variety of award subject areas including Professionalism Awards, Awards for Technical Achievement, Literary Awards.


Herald devcorps creator’s community is a group of passionate and enthusiast students from herald college Kathmandu, where they collaborate with each other to learn, implement and explore each other creativity. Focusing on different challenges of Industry for revolution along with increasing complexity day to day, they as a team embark the possibilities of dumb yet interesting ideas. There are three devcorps creator groups which include Herald Devcorps UI Visual Community, Herald Devcorps Game Dev Heroes Community, Herald Devcorps AI Learner Community. These three devcorps groups have common goal that is to collect the idea from every member of these communities to complete specific tasks, projects and work. They also organize different types of events for interested students focusing on the skills and ideas of students. They completed different types of projects like Podcast, Growth Project, College Industry Bridge, Ignite etc.

The IEEE provides a wide range of membership options for individuals, groups, and corporations. IEEE knowledge groups, which are communities driven by members and volunteers, help individuals grow in their knowledge about various topics. Members can also contribute ideas and feedback to help the IEEE draft and establish new technical standards. The professional recognition of IEEE is very impressive as they are awarded by numerous types of Professionalism, Technical, Educational, Standard etc. Award already. So, I think IEEE is the best international institute for those who wants to do something through engineering.  

My Three Teamwork at Herald

Hello myself Aakash Subba and after week nine this is my tenth blog writing for week 10 and in this blog writing I am going to explain about all my 3 experiences where I have been worked as a part of group in the last 10 weeks. Also, what was my role during being part of the group and how did all work go as per plan or not. At the end I will conclude this blog by concluding the questions like what I have learned from working with the group and from all of this group work What should I do to improve my teamwork as being worked as team.

From week 1 to week 10 in this journey I learned many new things which I never learned before, experiences many things got introduced with new method of teaching and everything at Herald college was new experience for me. From week 1 to week 10 the only thing that reminds me as working on the group was PowerPoint Presentation. Like I said new thing, working as a team or group to execute the task was not new for me but the new thing was presentation which we do often during physical classes and I think two times on online classes. First of all, teacher distribute all groups possible on the basis of number and we got assigned presentation on the specific topic and each group member should discuss about the particular topic and work as a team to made presentation and at the end turn by turn present all the contents inside PowerPoint Presentation to explain each points of contents. So, from past 10 weeks I am going to explain my three examples where I worked as a team. My first task as a team was at week 3 where I got first assigned as a member of specific group to do presentation and the topic was about Apollo and Spacecraft. First of all, I had no knowledge how to make presentation and what is the concept or structure of presentation. I had no idea about References and citation. To be honest my teammates do more things than me at that time from research to making presentation. My only contribution was to present most of the topic to cover almost half of the contents. My role at time was to present the introduction part and go into little more details of content. As this was my first task as a group so it goes as plan with some mistakes on the points and references. Speaking wise and research wise we did our best and from this presentation my confidence got boosted. My 2nd work as a team was again in presentation at week 5 and the topic was about game engine. The group was separated and we got assigned PowerPoint presentation on that topic. As compared to my first presentation I also do more contribution on this presentation as I research most of the content inside the presentation and also helps my teammates by providing ideas about the format and structure of presentation. My role on this presentation was much greater than my first presentation as I not only cover much of the points of the presentation but I also contribute many things during this presentation like giving idea about format and doing lot of research. This presentation goes on planned but there were some few mistakes like font size and incomplete points as well. My 3rd example where I worked as a team was again in presentation. As I cover most of the group work of presentation only during physical classes but for this 3rd example I am going to cover about presentation on online classes. So recently at week 9 there was our online presentation on the topic about team-works on different Movies. As compared to physical classes online classes is more difficult in every way from understanding to teaching and from listening to discussing due to many reasons like internet issues to electricity and not properly able to focus on every student at a time. So, this presentation was much challenging as well as need more effort and teamwork. During this presentation groups were separated by teacher at their own will. I almost do most of my presentation with my own teammates but this time it was different and for me it was like how can I do with my presentation with those to whom I never expected. But The good thing was Google without Google not even single presentation will be executed. Google provide PowerPoint Sheet and the features were so good and easy for all mates to make presentation, doing communication with the help of Google Meet and doing most of the research on Google. We all worked as a team and finished our presentation within time. In this presentation all teammates do their own role and do their own research on their part which was distributed by all of us. My role on this presentation was just to present my parts of presentation. This presentation goes perfectly as planned and we got appreciate by teacher as well.  

Working as a team is always a great experience and strongly connecting with teammates to share ideas and learn many new things is a great experience. During my first presentation where I do many mistakes like incomplete research, wrong references, feeling uneasy to present and wrong pronunciation. But slowly realizing my mistake as compared to first presentation I improved much. Still there are some odds inside me which I should improve. So, for this there will be one final presentation on seven different topics for 1st semester at the end of the week of 1st semester at that time I will give my all time best and be sure on should I need more improvising or not.

Week Nine experiences and Mind Map

Hello myself Aakash Subba and after the week 8 this is my ninth blog writing for week nine and in this blog writing I am going to explain about each day experiences on week 9. We are still continuing our regular classes on Google Classroom as college has decided to run the classes regularly through the online classes until the whole situation gets back to normal.  Although it was right decision and may not be as affected as physical classes but it gives continuity for student to study and gain the knowledge regarding the modules but there are some major issues which I am about to discuss in this blog writing. The online classes will be held, as usual on Google Classroom with same routine and timetable.

So, Week 9 has started on Monday after getting the notification of lecture videos on Google classes. But due to the panel discussion of Module Academic Skills and Team-Based Learning there was no Lecture video as well as the Tutorial Class also.  I watched all the lecture videos posted by the respected teachers on YouTube. There were 2 videos of each 2 modules and in the videos, I got my opportunity to introduced and learn many new things like introduction to Object oriented programming on Java, Objects and Programs, Classes, Methods, Instance variables, Constructors, Batch files, VBScript, PowerShell etc. On Tuesday there was our tutorial class of two different modules. At 8:00 AM to 9:30 AM there was the tutorial class of 1 hour and 30 minutes Fundamentals of computing by Raj Pradhan and Sujan Shrestha Sir respectively. During the class we mainly discussed on the problems regarding the lecture class and revised the lecture class on perfect manner by solving the questions uploaded on Google Classroom. There was total nine questions so the task was to solve all the questions within time. After the 1st class there was another class at 10:00 AM to 11:30 AM of Introductory of Programming and Problem Solving of 1 hour and 30 minutes by Deepson Shrestha Sir. The main objectives of this class were to revised the lecture class and go deeply to the basics of Object-Oriented Programming in java. During the class we learned more about how to create Class, Method, Constructors, Private method, also discussed about Polymorphism, Inheritance. On Wednesday there should be our tutorial class of Academic Skills and Team-Based learning but due to the ongoing Panel Discussion Classes, tutorial class of this particular module got postponed. On Thursday there was our workshop class of Academic Skills and Team Based Learning at 7:00 AM to 9:00 AM of 2 hour and 30 minutes by Sangay Lama and Rohit Parajuli Sir respectively. But due to the electricity cut-off on my house I couldn’t attend my class from beginning as I was 30 minutes late. During the class there was discussion on Skills and why skills matter in getting job and so on. After the lecture we all have to follow the instruction of Rohit Sir to create the account on LinkedIn so we can explore the world of Employment opportunities based on achievements, skills, etc. also just like other social medial LinkedIn also provide the connection of many people where the connected one get advantage to watch the post on LinkedIn of other individual connected one. We learned many new features about LinkedIn like how to create perfect CV on LinkedIn, how to send connections, how to add skills, how to apply for jobs etc.  After successfully creating the account, we got assigned three different tasks which includes research on data entry criteria, Mind map on three different Skills, and Video Statement regarding some questions. Here is the sample of Mind Map on given topic.

                                                   Fig: Mind Map of Skill Profile

 On Friday there was our workshop class of Fundamental of Computing at 11:30 AM to 2:30 AM of 3 hours by Sujan Shrestha Sir. Due to the continuously power-cut in my house I couldn’t perfectly attend my classes because I got distracted due to Internet problems and couldn’t focused on my class. Despite this problem I learned many things as well. There were many questions regarding PowerShell uploaded on Google Classroom but I couldn’t attend to solve the 1st part of questions due to internet issue. For the second part’s question I solved many of them as well but again with the issue I couldn’t give my 100%. On Sunday there was our Workshop class of Introductory of computing of 3 hour straight at 7:00 AM to 10:30 AM by Deepson Shrestha Sir. During the class there was some questions uploaded on Google Classroom and we have to solve the questions. The questions were fully based on Java Object oriented so it was so confusing as well as hard also. There were some problems we are facing on the questions so we asked the teacher and solved one by one.

Although week nine was fully based on online class but the knowledge and the information were more important than other weeks in my opinion. The more the week passes harder the module become. So still there are many challenges coming through my door and comes without knocking. I have lot of thing to change and keep updating the things regarding the module and prepare for upcoming weeks. There are still many problems in Online classes that teachers as well as we are still comprising on many facts of teaching and learning which indirectly effects on both teaching and learning environments. I hope the recent Pandemic that whole country is facing right now will terminated and hoping to get involved in physical classes on campus as soon as possible neglecting online classes.

Week 8 and Online Class.

After week seven this is my eighth blog writing for week eight and in this blog writing I am going to explain about each day experiences on week 8. As we are all about to overcome the pandemic situation to create the physical environment, we face another problem in the shape of 2nd lockdown which was very unexpected and sad for whole country as well. So, college has decided to run the classes regularly through the online classes until the situation gets normal. Although it was bold decision and may not be as affected as physical classes but it gives continuity for student to study and gain the knowledge regarding the modules. The online classes will be on Google Classroom with same routine and timetable. Inside this blog writing I am about to discuss about all my week experiences and also about the Artificial intelligence and its advantages on modern generation and also its disadvantages on technical era. At the end I will conclude this blog with all the summary and combine ideas of what are the challenges still left.

Week 8 has started with Monday after getting the notification of lecture videos on Google classes at 9:00 AM to all days. I watched all the lecture videos posted by the respected teachers on YouTube. There were 3 videos of each 3 modules and in the videos, I got my opportunity to learn many new things like What is an AI and about its different components, how to download ubuntu operating system, how to use different commands on ubuntu Linux, List, dictionary, sets on java etc. On Tuesday there was our tutorial class of two different modules. At 8:00 AM to 9:30 AM there was the tutorial class of 1 hour and 30 minutes Fundamentals of computing by Sujan Shrestha Sir. During the class we mainly discussed on problems of many students regarding downloading of Ubuntu Linux on pc. After the 1st class there was another class at 10:00 AM to 11:30 AM of Introductory of Programming and Problem Solving of 1 hour and 30 minutes by Deepson Shrestha Sir. The main objectives of this class were to revised the lecture class and go deeply to the basics of Java’s Set, Dictionaries, List. During the class we practice different structure and codes on java. On Wednesday there was our tutorial class of Academic Skills ad team-based learning at 11:00 AM to 12:30 AM of 1 hour and 30 minutes by Rohit Parajuli sir and Kritika Tulhadhar madam. During the class we discussed about the Artificial Intelligence and its different facts. Also got assigned to make presentation on components of Artificial Intelligence for upcoming Workshop class. So here is some knowledge and facts about AI.

 Artificial Intelligence is the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to form tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term is frequently applied to the project of developing systems endowed with the intellectual processes characteristic of humans, such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from past experience. Despite continuing advances in computer processing speed and memory capacity, there are as yet no programs that can match human flexibility over wider domains or in tasks requiring much everyday knowledge

1. 24/7 Availability

  • Machines don’t require frequent breaks and refreshments as like human beings. That can be programmed to work for long hours and can able to perform the job continuously without getting bored or distracted or even tired.

2. Day to Day Application

  •  In our daily needs, a smartphone also becomes the 4th necessity for the human along with dress, food & shelter. Design the methods for automation by using learning and perception have become a common phenomenon in our everyday lives.

3. Digital Assistance

  • Robots can’t identify the sentimental factor of the user. It actually programmed for only think logically and take the right program decisions based on the existing experience taught to the machine. Emotions can’t be identifying by the machines that may be dissatisfying the customer.

4. Handling Repetitive Jobs

  • Repeated jobs are tedious in nature. That kind of jobs can be easily handled with the help of AI algorithms. These kinds of job don’t require much intelligence in between the process. Machines can think much faster than humans and can perform multi-tasking to obtain the best results

5. Medical Applications

  • One of the great advantages of Artificial Intelligence is utilized in the field of medicine. We can identify the numerous numbers of medical applications which rely on AI. Doctors/Physician assesses the patient’s health-related data and intimates the risk factors to the customers via the health care devices with the help of artificial machine intelligence.

However, when you look at the brighter side of a thing, you should acknowledge that there is a darker side to it. Similarly, despite several advantages that AI offers, it also has some disadvantages that we can’t ignore. So, let us look at some of the major disadvantages of AI implementation.

1. HIGH COST OF IMPLEMENTATION

Setting up AI-based machines, computers, etc. entails huge costs given the complexity of engineering that goes into building one. Further, the astronomical expense doesn’t stop there as repair and maintenance also run into thousands of dollars

2. CAN’T REPLACE HUMANS

It is beyond any doubt that machines perform much more efficiently as compared to a human being. But even then, it is practically impossible to replace humans with AIs, at least in the near future, because you can’t build human intelligence in a machine as it is a gift of nature. So, no matter how smart a machine can become, it can never replace a human.

3. DOESN’T IMPROVE WITH EXPERIENCE

One of the most amazing characteristics of human cognitive power is its ability to develop with age and experience. However, the same can’t be said about AIs as they are machines that can’t improve with experience, rather it starts to wear and tear with time.

4. LACKS CREATIVITY

As already mentioned above – AIs are not built for creative pieces of work. So, it should be crystal clear by now that creativity or imagination is not the forte of the AIs. Although they can help you in designing and creating something special, they still can’t compete with the human brain. Their creativity is limited to the creative ability of the person who programs and commands them.

5. RISK OF UNEMPLOYMENT

With rapid development being made in the field of AI, the question that plagues our intuitive brain is that – will AI replace humans? Honestly, I am not sure whether AIs will lead to higher unemployment or not. But AIs are likely to take over the majority of the repetitive tasks, which are largely binary in nature and involve minimum subjectivity.

Artificial intelligence is on the rise as it is integrated into every aspect of our daily lives; from computers, video games, and even kitchen appliances. As humans, we have allowed AI to infiltrate our daily lives as they complete the simplest of task for us, however they are not completed to the best of their abilities. As humans, we are able to complete a task to the prime of our capacity through the combination of our experiences, emotions, and logic. On the other hand, artificial intelligence formulates a conclusion through a series of mathematical equations, numerous numbers of code, and a series of zeros and ones in order to mimic our human capabilities of decision making. It is in your own hand to decide weather AI is good or bad or what changes will it brings in further future.

On Thursday there was our workshop class of Academic Skills and Team Based Learning at 7:00 AM to 9:00 AM of 2 hour and 30 minutes by Manish Deuja Sir and Rohit Parajuli Sir. There was our presentation on different components of Artificial Intelligence. On Friday there was our workshop class of Fundamental of Computing at 11:30 AM to 2:30 AM of 3 hours by Sujan Shrestha Sir during the class we revised the lecture class on perfect manner by performing different types of commands on Ubuntu Linux which was very unique and fun. From these commands we get to know how powerful and secured operating system is Ubuntu Linux. Although it is not beginner’s friendly but if you know the basics then you can use it with free of cost. Saturday was holiday as usual so I done my workshop work and practice all the questions uploaded on Classroom. On Sunday there was our Workshop class of Introductory of computing of 3 hour straight at 7:00 AM to 10:30 AM by Deepson Shrestha Sir. During the class we discussed practice different questions regarding Workshop uploaded on classroom. There were many problems on understanding the questions but with the help of Deepson Sir we completed the questions by solving it through different methods.

Although week 8 was fully based on online class but the knowledge and the information were more important than other weeks in my opinion. The more the week passes harder the module become. So still there are many challenges coming through my door and comes without knocking. The problems on understanding the classes due to the problems regarding electricity and Internet. I have lot of thing to change and keep updating the things regarding the module and prepare for upcoming weeks. I hope the pandemic that whole country is facing right now will terminated and hoping to get involved in physical classes on campus as soon as possible.

Data use policy in Social Medial

Hello, myself Aakash Subba and this is my Seventh Blog writing for week 7 and in this blog, I am about to share my personal thought on Data use policy and its different form on What is the data use policy? What are the privacy settings? What is the security policy? What are your rights regarding your data? Can you request a copy of your data? What can the provider do with the data you upload? What happens to your data when you close your account?

Data use policy is an agreement between consumer and any digital company to designed to let user know how they collect, use, and disclose information through the websites, mobile applications, and other online services and products (collectively, the “Services”) that link to this Policy. Nowadays data use policy is being popular and many companies use this policy in whenever user open any websites or mobile application. The company try to get access through this agreement of many private information of user like Storage, Camera, Location, Microphone etc. In some cases, websites and application won’t run until or unless user agree with the policy or agree with the statement release by the company through this policy.  

Privacy settings are “the part of a social networking website, internet browser, piece of software, etc. that allows you to control who sees information about you”. With the growing prevalence of social networking services (SNS), opportunities for privacy exposures also grows. Privacy settings allow a person to control what information is shared on these platforms. Many Social Networking Services(SNS) such as Facebook, have default privacy settings that leave users more prone to sharing personal information. Privacy settings are contributed to by users, companies, and external forces. Contributing factors that influence user activity in privacy settings include the privacy paradox and the third person effect. The third person effect explains why privacy settings can remain unchanged throughout time. Companies can enforce a Principle of Reciprocity (PoR) where users have to decide what information they are willing to share in exchange for others’ information. With the growing focus on internet privacy, there are technologies and programs designed to enhance and encourage more privacy setting activity. Applications such as the Personal Data Manager(PDM) are used to improve the efficiency of privacy setting management. Privacy by design can enhance privacy settings through incorporating privacy notifications or prompting users to occasionally manage their privacy settings.

Security policy is a definition of what it means to be secure for a system, organization or other entity. For an organization, it addresses the constraints on behavior of its members as well as constraints imposed on adversaries by mechanisms such as doors, locks, keys and walls. For systems, the security policy addresses constraints on functions and flow among them, constraints on access by external systems and adversaries including programs and access to data by people. If it is important to be secure, then it is important to be sure all of the security policy is enforced by mechanisms that are strong enough. There are organized methodologies and risk assessment strategies to assure completeness of security policies and assure that they are completely enforced. In complex systems, such as information systems, policies can be decomposed into sub-policies to facilitate the allocation of security mechanisms to enforce sub-policies. However, this practice has pitfalls. It is too easy to simply go directly to the sub-policies, which are essentially the rules of operation and dispense with the top-level policy. That gives the false sense that the rules of operation address some overall definition of security when they do not. Because it is so difficult to think clearly with completeness about security, rules of operation stated as “sub-policies” with no “super-policy” usually turn out to be rambling rules that fail to enforce anything with completeness. Consequently, a top-level security policy is essential to any serious security scheme and sub-policies and rules of operation are meaningless without it.

 One of the most fundamental rights in data protection laws around the world developed laws that regulate access to personal data as privacy protection. Some of the rights regarding the data are listed below:

-You have the right to ask an organization whether or not they are using or storing your personal information. You can also ask them for copies of your personal information, verbally or in writing.

-This is called the right of access and is commonly known as making a subject access request or SAR. You can make a subject access request to find out:

  • what personal information service provider holds about you;
  • how they are using it;
  • who they are sharing it with; and?
  • where they got your data from.

Of course, they have all the data that you post, or download on the internet. That’s the reason, they came up with bigdata, where they can keep, anyone’s data, no matter how much it is? They keep your, location, messages, your browsing habits, data you receive on the personal chats, emails, WhatsApp, your conversations. Everything that you can think of. On the internet everything is Vulnerable. As you can see Facebook is even keeping the record of your mood, as you are not feeling well, you may use, sick emoticon, for anger its subsequent emoticon, loved, sad, etc. Everything is stored. Remember this, when, government data is leaked, or even private pics of Celebrities. Noting is secure and will never will be.

Keep in mind that when closing a user, it will affect access to certain user data. What can the service provider can do with your data are listed below:

-Envelopes
The user’s Inbox, Sent and Deleted items are still preserved within the account. Administrators on the account can gain access to these through User Sharing. Note: The Administrator will not be able to take action on envelopes in the user’s Inbox. 

-Custom (Tags/Fields)
These will no longer be accessible to any user on the account once the Creator/Owner is closed.

-Templates
Users that have templates shared with them and Account Administrators will still have access to a closed user’s templates. If an Administrator needs to delete a closed user’s templates, they would have to transfer the templates ownership to themselves.


-Scheduled Reporting
Any scheduled reporting provisioned under the user will be deleted. There is not currently a way for administrators to see other users scheduled reporting settings. If your account is reliant on a scheduled report and you are not the sender, you may want to confirm who is before closing the user. Only Account Administrators are able to report data for all users on the account.

Data use policy can be very advantageous if the user read out all the agreements and carefully agree with the statements released by the provider. The privacy settings can play very crucial role to private every data or information on user’s decision. Also, the security policy should be implemented very carefully to secure the data and information.  User have every right regarding their data that how user can use their data in every possible cases. So, user should use the trusted application or trusted websites to secure data from the company by reading the data use policy carefully to provide limited access to the provider.

Mobile First Design is good or bad?

Hello again myself Aakash Subba this is my sixth blog writing for week 6 and in this blog, I am about to give my opinion or describe what is Mobile first design, what are the advantages of Mobile first design and what will be the potential drawbacks of mobile first design. Also want to illustrate the idea of mobile first design and what will be the final conclusions to this.

Mobile first design is a design strategy that says when you create a website or app, you should start sketching and prototyping the smallest screen first and work your way up to larger screens. Essentially, it’s about delivering the right user experience to the right device. The reason that this makes sense is because with such limited real estate on small screens, UX designers must prioritize the most important aspects of their website and apps, namely content. For many years, mobile websites were an afterthought to the design process. An addition not a necessity. The slow decline of desktop coupled with the rise of mobile phones over the last 5 years has shown that mobile first design has to take priority.

Benefits of mobile first design

Mobile conversions rate are up 64% when compared with the average desktop conversion rates. So, designing mobile first can lead to more profit for your business. And since Google ranks for mobile-friendliness, it makes sense to bear this in mind when starting a new project.

This way of designing is also beneficial when it comes to download times and users accessing your content as quickly as possible. With fewer elements, the page will load faster. When you consider a 1 second delay causing a 7% lost in conversions – it pays to design mobile first.

When you design from the smallest screen to the largest screen, this is known as (Chittlesoft Solutions Pvt. Ltd., 2019)progressive enhancement It’s about designing with a strong foundation and adding enhancements as you go.

With mobile first, you create your strong foundation. This foundation will help strengthen other designs for tablet and desktop. The foundation should always be content and mobile first design emphasizes content over navigation – users get the information they need quicker.

This will also make your life easier since mobile first design starts off with the tackling the hardest screen size to design for. The rest inevitably falls into place.

Mobile first design forces you to really focus and maintain clarity by removing any unnecessary user interface decoration. By removing any distractions, you’ll invariably improve the user experience and that makes good business sense.

1. It gets people the information they need, regardless of where they’re accessing your website from. When people look something up on their mobile device, they want quality content that answers their questions or helps them make a decision. A mobile-first approach, which showcases the most important content, would help you meet that need.

2. Fewer bugs. The reason for this is simple – less code means fewer opportunities for bugs. As mentioned, desktop-first involves starting with something complex that is then adapted to smaller screens. This code-heavy starting point entails a greater risk of bugs later on. With a simpler mobile-first approach, you will be able to detect and prevent bugs more easily.

Disadvantages of Mobile-First Design

Despite all its amazing benefits, there are actually some disadvantages to mobile-first design. Here are two of them.

1. Not Easy to Work With

Change means learning to do things in a different way. Starting with a mobile-first design has been described as “neither fun nor easy” by several website designers around the internet.

Taking a mobile-first approach requires a different way of thinking. You’ll have to take the time to learn the tricks, experiment on what works, and figure out new design methods if you really want to create a memorable mobile-first experience.

2. Restrictive for Both Space and Creativity

Obviously, mobile sites don’t have as much space as desktop sites. This means you’ll have to be selective with the content you include. Plus, it restricts many of the creative design elements you can use for desktop sites, which can be quite frustrating.

These limitations will take some getting used to. Mobile-first design is much more formulaic than it is creative, which is a major turnoff for many web designers, and requires that they develop a detailed plan before starting.

On the bright side, when you finish your more restrictive, mobile-first design, it’s all uphill! You’ll be able to expand your designs as you increase the size, making the final version of your website that much better.

. Smaller canvas, less room for creativity, at least for most web designers right now. They’re used to a more accommodating desktop-sized space. Asking them to work on a smaller canvas with fewer tools could make them feel restricted. Depending on the designer, this could be either a welcome or unwelcome challenge.

2. Uncertainty for clients. Since they will not be able to view the desktop version until much later, your clients may not be comfortable with a mobile-first approach. Unless they have complete faith in your judgment, they may not be willing to move away from a desktop-first approach.

3. Training time and costs. To develop and execute a mobile-first design strategy, you will need a team that understands the new design methods it will involve. You may have to train your team or hire more resources to help take on this challenge. (Chittlesoft Solutions Pvt. Ltd., 2019)

At last, it is in our own hand to take the full advantages of mobile first design and if neglecting mobile design in this day and age is a UX design sin. Delivering a pleasurable user experience should be at the heart of what we do. Using this mobile first approach will not only make your life easier as a designer but it’ll make the life of the user easier too. And isn’t that why we do this?  There are many disadvantages as well as but the advantages of mobile first design are more than disadvantages. So the positive side of this will be the greatest achievements for human being.

Why To Write Game Engine?

Hello again, myself Aakash Subba and after week 4 this is my fifth blog writing for week 5 and in this blog, I am about to give my opinion about what is game engine, why should we use game engine and is it necessary for people to understand how to write a games engine / low level games tech. I also write about major advantages and disadvantages of writing own game engine using any game engine and also, I want to give some insight into approaching Engine development and will use a simple language to illustrate this.

A game engine is the core software which is necessary for a game program to run properly. Many developers or programmers use game engines to construct games for console, mobile devices, and personal computers. The core engine functionality typically provided by a game engine may include a engine for 2D or 3D graphics games, a physics engine or sound, tester, programmer or coder scripting, animation, AI, networking, streaming, memory, management, high concept, threading, support, and video support for cinematics. Game engine implementers often economize on the process of game development by reusing/adapting, in large part, the same game engine to produce different games. The  list of different popular game engines are Unity, Corona SDK, 4 A Engine, GameMaker, Gadot, Phaser, Frostbite etc.  In my opinion I think it is necessary for people to understand how to write game engines as well as there may be many cons as well so I want to describe both pros and cons. Talking about cons developers can start to write game engine to create a variety of useful tools for business and also because of the following reasons game engine can be necessary for people:

1.Prototyping: Combining digital design with prototyping speeds up the process. Customers can see a representation of their products very early in the process, enabling them to make better decisions. Changes can be made quickly, and collaborative efforts are enhanced.

2.Virtual Showrooms: Game engines can power a realistic 3-D showroom for displaying products. Customers can view all options, configurations or variations from the comfort of their home or office. For example, someone shopping for a new car can select a basic model, view all paint colors available, change tires or take a virtual test drive.

3.Home Design: A builder could start with a few basic features and then allow customers to use the site to move rooms around or change their sizes. Unlike traditional home-design software, users can view their new home from all angles, including an overhead or cutaway view. Customers can add or subtract windows, move the staircase or alter the roofline with ease.

4.Interactive Learning: Creating a museum display featuring a life-sized triceratops is just one example of the use of game engines for interactive learning experiences. Hands-on displays allow visitors to customize their experiences, such as adding or muting sound, choosing the “exhibits” they wish to see or reading in-depth information related to the exhibit.

5.Medical Training: Apps developed with a game engine offer student training in medicine or dentistry the opportunity to view realistic models of the human body. Students can use the models for study purposes, or they can safely practice their skills on “patients.”

6.Buying Decisions: An interactive application powered by a game engine can help consumers make buying decisions. For example, an app has been developed to assist shopper select the right television for their home. Shoppers download an app, print a “target” and place it in the location in which they plan to install a television. They then use their mobile device to view the different models available so that they can see just how each television would look in their home.

7. Career: Writing game engine can be very beneficial for those who want to find their own career as game developer because nowadays games are being popular day by day and the craze of games are increasing. The earning of Game developers is more than average and can have potential to earn thousands of dollars. 

Now talking about cons if you aren’t familiar with a lot of game designing terms and concepts, this will be a big roadblock for you. Game engine development deals, at its very base, with a multitude of deep concepts, and can easily leave uninitiated developers fuming and frustrated. You need to be in the right mindset and right level of comfortability with gaming, game development, and technical skills to begin on the long, yet rewarding journey of making a game engine. It isn’t recommended for first-time developers. The biggest disadvantage of a game engine is that you have to learn it. If you’re new to programming in general, that may still be faster than learning to write code to do all the stuff that an engine handles for you out of the box, but if you’re experienced then it costs you no time to sit down and start coding, but a fair amount of up-front time to learn your way around an unfamiliar engine. Biggest thing to look for is support, because game engines are not perfect and they do not read your mind, and you will get stuck on something at some point. So:

  • Is there documentation?
  • Is the documentation actually any good?
  • Is there technical support (generally not, unless you’re paying for it)? What’s the turnaround time?
  • Are there community forums where you can post questions and get real answers?
  • Are there tutorials that show you how to start using the engine? Is sample source code included? How useful do you find these in getting up to speed?

So, the huge disadvantage for me: don’t get caught up in all the things you could do. Whatever engine you might choose, it will have tons of potential. But if you don’t know how to actually harness the potential, if it doesn’t make your live easier or help you get your work done, then why are you using it?

Everything got the both side it’s in your own hand to use it in that manner so that you can take full advantages of that positive side. In the era of technology and modern generation game engine plays an important role to contribute economically and invent many undiscovered patterns which may help in further future. If you use game engine in good ways it can be so advantageous and people can have better career but writing game engine is hard and take lot of hard work to write a simple game. So it may be necessary as well as unnecessary for people to write game engine depends upon how you take it.

Again Online Classes For Week Four

After 3 weeks this is my fourth blog writing for week four and in this blog writing I am going to explain about each day experiences on week 4. As we are all about to overcome the pandemic situation to create the physical environment, we face another problem in the shape of air pollution which was very unexpected and sad for us. So, college has decided to run the classes regularly through the online classes for 1 week. Although it was bold decision and may not be as affected as physical classes but it gives continuity for student to study and gain the knowledge regarding the modules. The online classes were as usual on Google Classroom with same routine and timetable.

Due to the air pollution, we missed our workshop class of Introductory of Programming and problem solving which was so disappointing because it was the most important module for me and I hope college will rearrange the extra class for this one. Week 4 has started with Monday after getting the notification of lecture videos on Google classes at 9:00 AM to all days. I watched all the lecture videos posted by the respected teachers on YouTube. There were 3 videos of each 3 modules and in the videos, I got my opportunity to learn many new things like How to research something on search engine, how to give citation and references, The components of ALU, Control Structure on both Python and Java etc. On Tuesday there was our tutorial class of two different modules. At 8:00 AM to 9:30 AM there was the tutorial class of 1 hour and 30 minutes Fundamentals of computing by Sujan Shrestha Sir. During the class we mainly discussed on the problems regarding the lecture class and revised the lecture class on perfect manner by solving the problems and building the ALU function on Logisim and discussed on how the ALU works, what are the components of ALU what are the main functions of ALU, what kind of arithmetic and logical operation can be performed on ALU, what is control unit and many more. After the 1st class there was another class at 10:00 AM to 11:30 AM of Introductory of Programming and Problem Solving of 1 hour and 30 minutes by Deepson Shrestha Sir. The main objectives of this class were to revised the lecture class and go deeply to the basics of Control Structure. During the class we learned about Sequence control, Selection Control and Iterative Control on both python and java. On Wednesday there was our tutorial class of Academic Skills ad team-based learning at 11:00 AM to 12:00 AM of 1 hour and 30 minutes by Manish Deuja Sir. During the class we mainly discussed about How to write report and what can we do and what we can’t was the main objective and also discussed about the references and citation and how can we apply this on report. At the end of the class, we got assigned to do classwork in the form of question and answer about different things and we have to complete the task with the help of search engine and give proper reference in the form of URL as source and after completing the task we have to forward the task through Gmail provided by the teacher within a deadline which was at 11:59 PM of that day. I complete my task and forward it to the Gmail. On Thursday there was our workshop class of Academic Skills and Team Based Learning at 7:00 AM to 9:00 AM of 2 hour and 30 minutes by Manish Deuja Sir. During the class we learned about how to put references and citations of Articles, Newspaper, websites, etc. by using the font style Harvard Anglia and also got assigned to do research about different report, websites, journal and newspaper to fill up the citation and after completing the task we have to forward it to the Gmail provided by the teacher within a deadline and I submit my task within a deadline which was 11:59 PM of that day. On Friday there was our workshop class of Fundamental of Computing at 11:30 AM to 2:30 AM of 3 hours by Sujan Shrestha Sir. During the workshop class we solve the workshop task one by one and build an idea about the ALU components and we again discussed how the components of ALU works together to solve the arithmetic and logical operation with the help of Logisim and also build different methods of combinational circuit using different logic gates using Logisim. Saturday was holiday as usual so I done my workshop work and practice all the questions uploaded on Classroom. On Sunday there was our Workshop class of Introductory of computing of 3 hour straight at 7:00 AM to 10:30 AM by Deepson Shrestha Sir. Due to some technical issues we have to shift our class from one block to another where we covered both missed class as well as the workshop class of that day. During the workshop class we study and discussed more deeply about the Control Structure as well as Functions in programming languages and how they can be used to write the program in perfect manner.

Although week 4 was fully based on online class but the knowledge and the information were more important than other weeks in my opinion. The more the week passes harder the module become. So still there are many challenges coming through my door and comes without knocking. I have lot of thing to change and keep updating the things regarding the module and prepare for upcoming weeks. I hope the pollution that whole country are facing right now will terminated and hoping to get involved in physical classes on campus as soon as possible .

Third Week and Physical Class

After week 1 and 2 this is my third blog writing for weekly assignments. So, college recently launched hybrid physical classes with terms and conditions regarding safety precaution from pandemic of Covid-19 which is good for students as well as teacher to study and teach in proper manner. So many things had happened on online classes and many basics of different modules got introduced to students. Some of them was already known by me and some of them was new to me as well. Week 1 and week 2 gave me chance to experience online classes because this was my first time. So, in this blog writing I am going to write about my experiences about physical classes and what is the difference I found on physical classes and online classes.

The hybrid classes mean students have to attend lecture classes through google classes and remaining tutorial class and workshop class will be on physical manner on campus. So, on Monday there was our lecture class which was basically offline and to attend the lecture class students have to watch the videos uploaded on YouTube through the link provided from respected teacher on Google Classroom. So, I attend my class by watching the videos which was uploaded at 9:00 AM in the morning of three different modules Fundamentals of computing, Academic Skills and Team-Based learning and Introductory of programming and problem solving by three different teachers. So, it was not so tough not so easy type class and needs lot of concentration to understand the lecture mainly Introductory of Programming and Problem Solving and remaining two was below average in my opinion. We got opportunity to learn about the basic of Logisim and how to draw circuit using Logisim, Value returning functions and non-value returning functions, Program Routines, Parameter Passing, Mutable and Immutable arguments, Docstring, Variable Scope, and also deeply explore inside Java . On Tuesday there was our tutorial classes of two different modules on campus at 8:00 AM to 9:30 AM of Fundamental of computing by Sujan Shrestha Sir and at 10:00 AM to 11:30 AM of Introductory of Programming and Problem Solving by Deepson Sir. During the lecture classes we basically discuss about the lecture’s slide by asking the doubt regarding the lecture classes and also deeply study how to solve the problems regarding doubts. On Wednesday, there was our tutorial class of Academic skills and team-based learning by Manish Deuja Sir from 11:00 A.M to 12:00 AM. During the class we mainly discuss about the note taking their types and learning styles as well and what type of learning style should we use to study and which learning styles are the best for learning. The tutorial class was only of 1 and half hour within this time period our group got distributed as group 1, group 2 respectively and I was in group 1. We got assigned to watch the note taking styles video and to be prepared for the workshop class to make short presentation as well. Talking about note-taking methods there are 5 note-taking methods.

1.Cornell Method(The Cornell method provides a systematic format for condensing and organizing notes without laborious recopying. After writing the notes in the main space, use the left-hand space to label each idea and detail with a key word or “cue.”).

2.Outline Method( Listening and then write in points in an organized pattern based on space indention. Place major points farthest to the left. Indent each more specific point to the right. Levels of importance will be indicated by distance away from the major point. Markings are not necessary as space relationships will indicate the major/minor points).

3.Mind-Mapping Method(Mapping is a method that uses comprehension/concentration skills and evolves in a note-taking form which relates each fact or idea to every other fact or idea. Mapping is a graphic representation of the content of a lecture. It is a method that maximizes active participation, affords immediate knowledge as to its understanding, and emphasizes critical thinking).

4.Flow Method(If the lecture format is distinct (such as chronological), you may set up your paper by drawing columns and labeling appropriate headings in a table. Determine the categories to be covered in lecture. Set up your paper in advance by columns headed by these categories. As you listen to the lecture, record information (words, phrases, main ideas, etc.) into the appropriate category).

5.Write on the slide method(If the slides for a lecture are available beforehand (eg posted on your course Blackboard site), you can print the slides in a format that suits your note taking purposes. There are options in Power Point to print multiple slides on a page, from one slide per page to nine. Three slides per page  will make it easy to write notes next to each slide as you follow the lecture.)

On Thursday, there was our workshop class of 2 hour and 30 minutes from 7:00 AM to 9:30 AM by Manish Deuja sir of Academic skills and Team-based learning. The workshop was mainly focus about the note taking and presentation slide to represent the 1st presentation during college period. I was very nervous to represent the presentation at first. Many of my fellow mates represent their respective slide turn by turn group wise and at last there was our turn to represent and we did not expect that we will perform that good in presentation. On Friday there was our workshop class of 3 hour straight from 11:30 AM to 2:30 AM by Sujan Shrestha Sir of Fundamentals of computing. The main idea of this workshop was to deal with the problems regarding logical diagram using Logisim and other gates. During the classes we deal with all the doubts about the Logisim and practice more problems in class. There was no Workshop class of Introductory of Programming and problem solving due to public holiday on the occasion of Holi. I hope there will be make class or extra class of particular module to recover the missing class.

Third week was full of learning new things about different modules as always without any doubt. There are still many things to experiences and lot of study materials to study. The more days past more new things get introduced and more new challenges arrived. So, I have to get ready for every challenge that I will face in further future. I have learned many new things and got informed many information regarding the modules. At last, I want to continue my journey with the college with the same flow and explore more about the fact regarding college’s study environment. 

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